(SACRAMENTO)

The vaccine that protects against the human papilloma virus (HPV) has notoriously low acceptance rates compared with other adolescent vaccines, and UC Davis Health researchers are trying to figure out why. This very common virus can cause six types of cancer, which the HPV vaccine is highly effective in preventing, according to the American Cancer Society.

10 counties will be included in a new study that looks at why certain rural communities say no to the HPV vaccine.
10 counties will be included in a new study that looks at why certain rural communities say no to the HPV vaccine.

Just like the COVID-19 vaccine, the challenge is understanding why certain populations are more hesitant than others to receive vaccines.

Thanks to a new National Cancer Institute grant, the UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center is expanding its study into why certain populations are more prone to say “no” to the HPV vaccine. The new study, called UC HPV , starts this week and runs through June 30, 2021.

“We want to understand where HPV vaccine hesitancy stems from and how these sources influence the rate of HPV vaccines given to adolescents, which is a key age,” said Julie Dang, executive director of the UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center Office of Community Outreach and Engagement.

Building upon success of earlier outreach

The effort builds upon a HPV preliminary study conducted in the UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center’s 19-county catchment area that focused on examining local factors associated with HPV vaccination rates among adolescents. UC HPV is taking this a step further by exploring communities that expressed hesitancy about the HPV vaccine in the first study.

Similar to the initial study that began in 2017, the new NCI supplemental one-year grant will assess factors related to vaccine hesitancy among these groups, then pilot tailored interventions.

 “Through our survey and interviews we found HPV vaccine hesitancy sentiments in our rural and agricultural counties as well as in our Slavic communities,” said Dang. “This is why we wanted to focus on these groups: rural populations, Latino agricultural workers as well as the Slavic communities for UC HPV.”

Who can participate?

Individuals 18 years or older living or working in Alpine, Amador, El Dorado, Nevada, Merced, Placer, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Stanislaus or Yolo counties.

In particular, the study team is hoping to recruit participants from the Slavic community in Yolo and Sacramento counties as well as Latinos from Merced, San Joaquin and Stanislaus counties. The team said the preliminary study also indicated high rates of vaccine hesitancy in the rural parts of Alpine, Amador, El Dorado, Nevada and Placer counties, so they would like to recruit heavily in those populations as well.

What is expected of participants?

Eligible participants can choose to be a part of a focus group, take part in a survey or be interviewed by the UC Davis research team.

Completing the survey will take about 20 minutes and, upon completion, participants will receive a $10 gift card from either Amazon, Target or Walmart.

Those who choose to take part in a focus group or interview to share their personal experiences and perspectives can expect to spend about an hour of their time and will receive a $40 gift card from Amazon, Target or Walmart.

Study participation is 100% voluntary and the responses are recorded anonymously and without any identifying information.

To learn more about the HPV study, watch the Spanish informational video or the English informational video as well as find additional information provided on the HPV study website where you can also sign up to become a study participant.

Taking action on multiple fronts

The cancer center has a clear mandate to reduce disparities in health outcomes, explained Moon Chen, Jr., associate director for the Office of Community Outreach and Engagement who is proud of the many efforts the cancer center is taking throughout the region through cancer prevention such as tobacco use abatement and HPV vaccination promotion, increasing access to screenings and laboratory-based work to uncover the genetic bases of disparities.

“No population is too hard to reach, it’s just that they are hardly reached,” he concluded. “The UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center is working to change that.”