CAARE Diagnostic and Treatment Center
3671 Business Drive
Sacramento, CA 95820
My treatment philosophy is rooted in evidence-based practices, including conducting full assessments to determine each client's needs and using targeted evidence-based treatments that have been shown in research to be effective. I also include parents or caregivers in their child's treatment as much as possible to promote positive change across settings and to support positive parent-child relationships.
Dr. Hawk is a child psychologist who specializes in parent-child relationships, childhood trauma, and pediatric chronic pain. Although she primarily works as a trainer and researcher of Parent-Child Care(PC-CARE) and Parent Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT), she offers care for patients through the Pediatric Pain Consultants.
Dr. Hawk's research focuses on understanding and improving the effectiveness of dyadic interventions, particularly PC-CARE and PCIT, in the treatment of trauma and disruptive behavior disorders. She also has interest in implementation research.
Child Development and Behavior
B.S., University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh PA 2009
Ph.D., Clinical/Developmental Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh PA 2015
Psychology - Child Trauma, UC Davis CAARE Center, Sacramento CA 2014-2015
Psychology - Child Trauma, UC Davis CAARE Center, Sacramento CA 2015-2017
Bassell Graduate Student Award, 2014
Bassell Publication Award, 2013
Andrew Mellon Predoctoral Fellowship 2011-2013,
Timmer SG, Hawk B, Usacheva M, Armendariz L, Boys DK, Urquiza AJ. The Long and the Short of It: A Comparison of the Effectiveness of Parent-Child Care (PC-CARE) and Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT). Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2021 Sep 29. doi:10.1007/s10578-021-01257-9. Epub ahead of print. PMID:34586551.
Hawk BN, Timmer SG, Armendariz LAF, Boys DK, Urquiza AJ. Improving behaviors and placement stability for young foster children: An open trial of Parent-Child Care (PC-CARE) in the Child Welfare System. Child & Youth Services Review. 2020. doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105614.
Timmer SG, Hawk B, Forte LA, Boys DK, Urquiza AJ. An Open Trial of Parent-Child Care (PC-CARE)-A 6-Week Dyadic Parenting Intervention for Children with Externalizing Behavior Problems. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2019 Feb;50(1):1-12. doi:10.1007/s10578-018-0814-8. PMID:29855819.
McCall RB, Groark CJ, Hawk BN, Julian MM, Merz EC, Rosas JM, Muhamedrahimov RJ, Palmov OI, Nikiforova NV. Early Caregiver-Child Interaction and Children's Development: Lessons from the St. Petersburg-USA Orphanage Intervention Research Project. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev. 2019 Jun;22(2):208-224. doi:10.1007/s10567-018-0270-9. PMID:30196471.
Hawk BN, Mccall RB, Groark CJ, Muhamedrahimov RJ, Palmov OI, Nikiforova NV. Caregiver Sensitivity and Consistency and Children’s Prior Family Experience as Contexts for Early Development within Institutions. Infant Ment Health J. 2018 Jul;39(4):432-448. doi:10.1002/imhj.21721. Epub 2018 Jun 28. PMID:29953627.
Hawk BN, McCall RB. Perceived relationship quality in adolescents following early social-emotional deprivation. Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2014 Jul;19(3):439-59. doi:10.1177/1359104513489978. Epub 2013 Jun 19. PMID:23785051.
Hawk BN, Wright A, Julian MM, Rosas JM, Merz EC, McCall RB. Potential Selective Responding in a Parent Questionnaire Study of Post-Institutionalized Children. Adopt Q. 2013;16(2):97-107. doi:10.1080/10926755.2013.787481. PMID:23710124.
Patchan MM, Hawk B, Stevens CA, Schunn CD. The effects of skill diversity on commenting and revisions. Instr Sci. 2013;41:381-405. doi:10.1007/s11251-012-9236-3.
Hawk B, McCall RB, Groark CJ, Muhamedrahimov RJ, Palmov OI, Nikoforova NV. Age at adoption: A measure of time in the orphanage or child-specific factors? Adoption Quarterly. 2012;15(1):18-34. doi:10.1080/10926755.2012.661331.
Hawk BN, McCall RB. Specific extreme behaviors of postinstitutionalized Russian adoptees. Dev Psychol. 2011 May;47(3):732-8. doi:10.1037/a0021108. PMID:21219071.