Diabetes (type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes) | Conditions We Treat | Pediatric Endocrinology Specialty | UC Davis Children's Hospital

Diabetes (type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes)

Diabetes is a condition in which glucose (sugar) levels in the blood are higher than they normally should be. There are several types of diabetes (each resulting from different causes) but the most common are type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes in childhood. People can be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes from the age of 6 months all the way through young adulthood. Type 1 diabetes is an “autoimmune” condition in which the person’s immune system causes inflammation in the pancreas. This inflammation destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin, the hormone that controls blood glucose levels.

Treatment for type 1 diabetes

Care for type 1 diabetes involves treatment with insulin (using injections or an insulin pump) and frequent monitoring of blood glucose levels.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is less common in children than type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs most often in adults but can also occur in teenagers and pre-teens. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas is able to make insulin but the body does not respond properly to the insulin that is produced, resulting in high blood glucose levels. Being overweight, eating foods that are high in sugars and simple carbohydrates and being sedentary can increase the risk for type 2 diabetes.

Treatment for type 2 diabetes

Becoming more active, following a healthier diet and maintaining a healthy body weight are essential for successful treatment. Type 2 diabetes can also be treated with medicines that help the body respond better to insulin or with insulin injections.

Getting in touch with usReferrals and appointments

Clinic information

Our endocrine specialists provide diagnostics, consultations and treatment options in all areas of general endocrinology as well as providing expert care for specific endocrine disorders. Our specialty endocrinology clinics include:

Pediatric Endocrinology Clinic

2521 Stockton Boulevard, 3rd Floor
Sacramento, CA

The pediatric endocrinology clinic is located in the Glassrock Building on the UC Davis Health campus.

View map and directions

For physician referrals or appointments


To see one of our specialists, a referral is required from your child’s primary care physician.