If your blood glucose is low, you may feel some of the following symptoms of hypoglycemia:
Nervous or upset
Common causes of low blood glucose
Too few carbohydrates
Too much insulin
Extra activity or exercise
Treating low blood glucose
You should treat blood glucose less than 70 mg/dL. Here’s how:
Tell someone you feel low and test blood glucose.
If blood glucose is 70 mg/dL or less, treat by eating or drinking fast-acting carbohydrate. (Refer to table in “Pediatric Diabetes Low Blood Glucose Treatment” handout for correct amount of fast-acting carbohydrate based on age).
If blood glucose is 50 mg/dL or less, take DOUBLE the amount of fast-acting carbohydrate.
Wait 15 minutes then re-check blood glucose. Repeat step 2 if blood glucose is 70 mg/dL or less.
Never give food to a person who is unconscious/unresponsive (will not wake up / does not respond) from hypoglycemia. If the person is unconscious/ unresponsive, give Baqsimi or Glucagon and call 9-1-1.
Pediatric diabetes low blood glucose treatment
Fast-acting carbohydrates for low blood glucose (less than 70mg/dL) based on age:
Sugar* (number of teaspoons, cubes or packets)
Younger than 16 months
16 months to 6 years
7 to 10 years
11 years and older
For blood glucose 50mg/dL or less, DOUBLE the amount of recommended treatment.
*Sugar can easily be dissolved in water
**Only give glucose tablets to children older than 4 years old who can safely chew and swallow tablets
These guidelines are recommendations for the treatment of hypoglycemia. Please consult with your endocrinologist as needed.
A person needs Glucagon when they are having a severely low blood glucose AND they are unresponsive or unconscious, having a seizure, and/or are unable to take fast-acting carbohydrate like juice, sugar, icing, or honey by mouth. You should always have Glucagon with you.
Directions for use:
Remove the flip-off seal from the bottle of Glucagon. Wipe rubber stopper on the bottle with an alcohol swab.
Remove the needle protector from the syringe and inject the entire contents of the syringe into the bottle of Remove the syringe from the bottle.
Swirl bottle gently until Glucagon dissolves completely. The solution should be clear and water-like in consistency.
The usual dose is 1 mg. For children weighing less than 44 lbs., give ½ mg (0.5 mg mark on syringe). There is no danger of overdose with Glucagon.
Inject immediately into muscle: buttock, thigh, or arm.
Glucagon may cause vomiting. Turn patient on his or her side to prevent choking.