Foods are made of carbohydrates, protein, and fat – or a mixture of these. Carbohydrates turn into sugar in your body. When you eat carbohydrates you must take an insulin injection.
Carbohydrates come from starch and sugar in food. Carbohydrates can be found in the following food groups:
Knowing the amount of carbohydrates in the foods you eat is important to managing your Type 1 diabetes. The following resources can help you find the amount of carbohydrates in the food you eat:
If a food has a label, use these steps to count how many carbohydrates you are eating:
“The Calorie King Calorie, Fat & Carbohydrate Counter” by Allan Borushek
These food lists may be helpful in estimating carbohydrates when you do not have a food label or other resource available. Remember that each choice is only an estimate of carbohydrate content.
Include vegetables in your diet every day. Remember to count starchy vegetables (such as potatoes, corn, and peas) as carbohydrate.
Choose lean protein sources more often. Try to eat protein foods with your meals.
Eat more fat as unsaturated fat, which comes from non-animal sources like avocado, olives, nuts and seeds.
These foods contain less than 5 grams carbohydrate per serving. Limit “free foods” to 3 servings per day.
Exercise increases strength, improves heart health, and helps with mood and weight management. People with Type 1 diabetes may see extra benefits from exercise, such as steady insulin sensitivity, better balance, stability, and joint function, and lower insulin needs. Aim for 60 minutes or more of moderate to heavy physical activity every day.
During exercise, insulin helps move glucose from the blood to the muscle cells. Different types of activities may have different effects on blood glucose levels.
It is important to test blood glucose frequently or use a continuous glucose monitor to follow blood glucose trends before, during, and after activity. Blood glucose may drop for up to 24 hours after exercise is over.
Poor hydration and positive ketones may cause your blood glucose to rise during exercise.