Stephen Charles Noctor, Ph.D. for UC Davis Health

Stephen Charles Noctor, Ph.D.

Associate Professor



Developmental Neurobiology

Locations and Contact

UC Davis MIND Institute

UC Davis MIND Institute
2825 50th St.
Sacramento, CA 95817

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Clinical Interests

Dr. Noctor has a clinical interest in neurodevlopmental disorders.

Research/Academic Interests

The Noctor laboratory investigates prenatal growth of the brain, focusing on intrinsic and extrinsic factors that impact the function of neural precursor cells in the fetal cerebral cortex under normal and pathological conditions.


Neuroscience Researchers

Center/Program Affiliation

UC Davis MIND Institute

Undergraduate School

B.A., Psychology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick NJ 1991

Other School

Ph.D., Neuroscience, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda MD 1998

Penna E, Cunningham CL, Saylor S, Kreutz A, Tarantal AF, Martínez-Cerdeño V, Noctor SC. Greater Number of Microglia in Telencephalic Proliferative Zones of Human and Nonhuman Primate Compared with Other Vertebrate Species. Cereb Cortex Commun. 2021 Sep 6;2(4):tgab053. doi:10.1093/texcom/tgab053. PMID:34647030.

Tarantal AF, Hartigan-O'Connor DJ, Penna E, Kreutz A, Martinez ML, Noctor SC. Fetal Rhesus Monkey First Trimester Zika Virus Infection Impacts Cortical Development in the Second and Third Trimesters. Cereb Cortex. 2021 Mar 31;31(5):2309-2321. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhaa336. PMID:33341889.

Penna E, Mangum JM, Shepherd H, Martínez-Cerdeño V, Noctor SC. Development of the Neuro-Immune-Vascular Plexus in the Ventricular Zone of the Prenatal Rat Neocortex. Cereb Cortex. 2021 Mar 5;31(4):2139-2155. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhaa351. PMID:33279961.

Barger N, Keiter J, Kreutz A, Krishnamurthy A, Weidenthaler C, Martínez-Cerdeño V, Tarantal AF, Noctor SC. Microglia: An Intrinsic Component of the Proliferative Zones in the Fetal Rhesus Monkey (Macaca mulatta) Cerebral Cortex. Cereb Cortex. 2019 Jul 5;29(7):2782-2796. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhy145. PMID:29992243.

Martínez-Cerdeño V, Cunningham CL, Camacho J, Keiter JA, Ariza J, Lovern M, Noctor SC. Evolutionary origin of Tbr2-expressing precursor cells and the subventricular zone in the developing cortex. J Comp Neurol. 2016 Feb 15;524(3):433-47. doi:10.1002/cne.23879. Epub 2015 Sep 8. PMID:26267763.

Cunningham CL, Martínez-Cerdeño V, Noctor SC. Microglia regulate the number of neural precursor cells in the developing cerebral cortex. J Neurosci. 2013 Mar 6;33(10):4216-33. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3441-12.2013. PMID 23467340.

Noctor SC, Martínez-Cerdeño V, Ivic L, Kriegstein AR. Cortical neurons arise in symmetric and asymmetric division zones and migrate through specific phases. Nat Neurosci. 2004 Feb;7(2):136-44. doi:10.1038/nn1172. Epub 2004 Jan 4. PMID:14703572.

Noctor, SC, Flint AC, Weissman TA, Dammerman RS, Kriegstein AR.  Neurons derived from radial glial cells establish radial units in neocortex. Nature. 2001;409:714-720. doi:10.1038/35055553.

Noctor SC, Scholnicoff NJ, Juliano SL. Histogenesis of ferret somatosensory cortex. J Comp Neurol. 1997 Oct 20;387(2):179-93. PMID:9336222.

Noctor SC, Martínez-Cerdeño V, Kriegstein AR. Distinct behaviors of neural stem and progenitor cells underlie cortical neurogenesis. J Comp Neurol. 2008 May 1;508(1):28-44. doi:10.1002/cne.21669. PMID:18288691.