Pediatrics team

Residency Program Director:

Contact Information: 
Office: 916-703-7223
UC Davis Health
Pharmacy Department
2315 Stockton Blvd, Room 1310
Sacramento, CA 95817

Brent A Hall, Pharm.D., BCPPS
Pediatric Pharmacist Specialist
Assistant Clinical Professor, UCSF School of Pharmacy

Maki Usui, Pharm.D.

Please visit the ASHP Residency Directory “Special Requirements for Acceptance” section and share the requirements with those individuals writing your Letters of Recommendation in PhorCAS. 

ASHP Residency Directory listing:

UCDH PGY2 Pediatric Pharmacy Specialty Residency Purpose:

PGY2 pharmacy residency programs build on Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) education and PGY1 pharmacy residency programs to contribute to the development of clinical pharmacists in specialized areas of practice. PGY2 residencies provide residents with opportunities to function independently as practitioners by conceptualizing and integrating accumulated experience and knowledge and incorporating both into the provision of patient care or other advanced practice settings. Residents who successfully complete an accredited PGY2 pharmacy residency are prepared for advanced patient care, academic, or other specialized positions, along with board certification, if available.

Resident Testimonials

“Originally when I arrived to UC Davis, I believed the pediatric residency program was a good choice to advance my career as a pediatric pharmacist. I quickly learned it was the best career decision I have made. Brent and the rest of the pediatric team grew my knowledge base, advanced my research skills, strengthened my literature interpretation and evaluation as well as built my confidence. The pediatric pharmacy residency program is designed accelerate the resident's growth beyond general practice. Every day I was challenged to understand the ‘why’ about medications, the advanced physiology of the body and then learned to relate pharmacotherapy to the physiology of the patient. Other than my tremendous growth throughout the year, the second thing that stood out amongst this residency program was the strong multidisciplinary relationships. From day one the medical attendings, residents, and nursing welcomed me on the team and aided in my learning. The UC Davis PGY 2 Pediatric Pharmacy residency program provided a positive learning environment that grew me in ways I wouldn’t have imagined.”
–Selena Warminski, 2021 UC Davis PGY 2 Pediatric Pharmacy Residency Graduate

“The PGY2 Pediatric Pharmacy Residency program at UC Davis Health has helped me expand my pediatric clinical knowledge and become a better pharmacist. My director and all my preceptors have provided endless support and dedication to my learning. The pediatric pharmacists are not only an amazing group to train from, but they are also a fun group to spend time with outside of work. At the end of my residency, I realized how much I’ve grown and am excited to see what the future has in store for me.”
–Jessica Kim, 2020 UC Davis PGY 2 Pediatric Pharmacy Residency Graduate

“This residency offered me many opportunities to better myself as a future practicing pediatric clinical pharmacist. During my year at UC Davis, I was continuously pushed out of my comfort zone in ways that strengthened my critical thinking skills in pediatric pharmacology/therapeutics, my confidence in speaking with various healthcare professionals, and my ability to consistently ask and learn “why”. Two factors stood out to me during my year at UC Davis that helped me become the pediatric pharmacist I am today: 1) the cohesiveness, teamwork, and respect between the pediatric pharmacy group and physicians, nurse practitioners, nurses, and other healthcare professionals and 2) the pediatric pharmacy group’s desire to constantly learn and improve one’s own practice in order to improve patient care (ie preceptor journal clubs, research participation, preceptor development, etc). Through these individuals and this residency program, I have learned to always ask myself or others “why” when it comes to patient care and treatment, constantly remind myself of pathophysiology in order to truly understand appropriate therapy, and that a great work-life balance can make all the difference in becoming a strong pediatric clinical pharmacist. I left with increased confidence in my clinical knowledge and will continue to look at these individuals from this program as mentors in my career.”
– Erika Pineda, 2019 UC Davis PGY2 Pediatric Pharmacy Residency Graduate

“I am so proud to call myself a UC Davis pediatric pharmacy residency graduate. Brent and the team at UC Davis were such an inspiration and an amazing group of pharmacists to work with. Everyone is invested in your success and sincerely wants you to grow and develop. The residency is challenging and extremely rewarding. I have never grown as much as I did within that one year. Along with a tremendous education, you will also find a lifetime of friends at UCDMC. The pediatric team is a fun loving group who support you all the way. This residency program left a lasting impact that has helped me greatly in my career.”
– Vaibhavi Bhavsar, 2018 UC Davis PGY 2 Pediatric Pharmacy Residency Graduate

“The Pediatric PGY2 residency pushed me to become a better pharmacist and teacher. The variety of experiences, from outpatient clinic to initiating a prospective clinical trial, taught me to collaborate effectively with other disciplines. I learned to always ask "why" and strive to find the answer to provide the best possible care to my patients. I am so grateful to have trained in such a rigorous, supportive program!”
– Amy (Schwinghammer) Crandall, 2017 UC Davis PGY 2 Pediatric Pharmacy Residency Graduate

Program Overview

The Pediatric Pharmacy Residency at UC Davis Health is a one-year program of concentrated training in all aspects of pediatric practice. This program is flexible in that it will adapt to the needs of the individual resident but will provide the basic foundation for quality pediatric clinical practice.  The residency is supported by the Department of Pharmacy.

UC Davis Children's Hospital is the Sacramento region's only nationally ranked, comprehensive hospital for children.  It is the central valley's only Pediatric Level 1 trauma center, Level 4 NICU and a pediatric emergency department.  This ‘hospital within a hospital' has 129 pediatric beds with NICU, PICU, Peds CICU, Hematology/Oncology and General Ward units.  As a teaching hospital, it serves as an optimal location for training future practitioners.  The pediatric area employees 9 FTEs dedicated to pediatric pharmacy practice.  Pharmacists in this area are responsible for: 1 ) Review and verification of all medications prescribed to pediatric patients, 2) Preparation and Dispensing of pediatric medications, 3) Participation in medication safety committee and culture, 4) Acting as a drug information resource for physicians, nurses, pharmacists and other allied health care professionals, 5) Participating in multidisciplinary rounds with NICU, PICU, CT Surgery, Heme/Onc and Ward Service teams, 6) Documentation of interventions, 7) Management of parenteral nutrition in cooperation with UCDMC dieticians, 8) Assessment of drug levels via pharmacokinetic monitoring, 9) Patient and professional education.  Upon successful completion of the program, an appropriate certificate will be awarded to the pediatric resident by UC Davis Health.

UCDH and Pharmacy Services

UCDH is a major academic health center located in Sacramento, California. Pharmacy services recruits, hires and trains caregivers to provide progressive pharmacy services as collaborative team members to support optimal patient outcomes.

More about the Department can be found on our Webpage:

Day in the Life of a Pediatric Pharmacy Resident

Day in the Life of a Pediatric Pharmacy Resident

A typical day on my Pediatric Intensive Care Rotation includes arriving to the hospital early enough to look through patients. During that time, I collect information and evaluate my patients. After, I meet with my preceptor to give updates, recommendations, and plan for the day. I then head to multidisciplinary teaching rounds.  Daily rounds include the attending(s), a fellow, medical residents, students, dieticians, nurses, and myself serving as the sole pharmacist. During rounds there are numerous learning and teaching opportunities. After rounds, I document updates for the patient and follow up on any outstanding questions. There are times where the medical residents and I meet to discuss difficult cases and evaluate literature that is dedicated to therapy for the patient.

Afternoons are dependent on the day. Either I will meet with my preceptor to go through patients more in depth, present a topic discussion, or attend meetings dedicated to my longitudinal projects. Some of the meetings are dedicated to pediatric medication safety, insightful seminars to learn how to prepare a research project, or professional enhancement that various preceptors across UC Davis offer. One afternoon every other week I attend cardiovascular clinic with a medical attending. During that time, I counsel patients and answer any medication related questions.

Time, throughout the day, flies by because there are always learning opportunities afforded to me. The continuous chances to grow personally and professionally is the reason why I am excited to come into work every day.  

– Selena Warminski, PharmD, 2020-21 PGY 2 Pediatric Pharmacy Resident

Program Design:

UCDH and Pharmacy Services
UCDH is a major academic health center located in Sacramento, California. Pharmacy services recruits, hires and trains caregivers to provide progressive pharmacy services as collaborative team members to support optimal patient outcomes.
More about the Department can be found on our Webpage:

The major area of focus of this program is provision of pharmaceutical care in the area of pediatrics.  As is the standard in today's health care system, this practice takes place in an interdisciplinary field. Residents will have the opportunity to interact with clinical pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, pharmacy students, physicians (attending and trainee levels), nurses, social workers, dieticians, respiratory therapists, emergency medical services personnel, as well as patients and their families.  Daily activities will include attendance of rounds with bedside consultation for both physicians and nursing staff regarding therapy management, drug interactions, adverse drug reactions, and intravenous drug compatibility, among others (when on clinical rotations).  The resident will participate in all aspects of practice which include weekend staffing, emergency/code response, student precepting, student/resident/staff education, research project design and execution, and will be responsible for providing appropriate, timely, and accurate drug delivery to patients.  The UC Davis Health PGY2 Pediatric Pharmacy Residency is designed to meet the educational goals and objectives as outlined by the ASHP PGY2 Pediatric Residency Accreditation Standard.

Program Structure:

The PGY2 Pediatric Pharmacy Residency is a full-time, one year commitment, beginning July 1st and ending June 30th.  Clearance to start work by UC Davis Health Employee Health and a Human Resources orientation meeting must be completed prior to July 1st.

Program Learning Experiences:

Required Experiences (38-41 weeks)

Learning Experience


Primary Preceptor


3-4 weeks Brent Hall

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)

Block (4-6 weeks) Jessica Forster

Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU)

Block (4-6 weeks) Richard Haftmann

Pediatric CT Surgery (CTICU)

Block (4 weeks) Brent Hall

Pediatric Hematology/Oncology

Block (5-6 weeks) Ha-Mill Mclearan

General Pediatric Wards

Block (4 weeks) Brent Hall/Amy Crandall
GI/Nephro Block (4 weeks) Amy Crandall
Emergency Department Block (4 weeks) Christopher Adams
Research Longitudinal (1 year) Brent Hall
Administration/Med Safety Block (4 weeks) with longitudinal experience with
Medication Error Reduction Committee
Andrew Lee and Ashley Trask

Pediatric Operations

Longitudinal (1 year) Rou-Yee Chenhsu

Journal Club

Longitudinal (8 presentations, 1 year) Brent Hall

Cardiology Clinic

Longitudinal (1 year) Amy Crandall

Elective Experiences (totaling 11-14 weeks)

  • Nutrition
  • Pediatric Infectious Disease
  • Pediatric Pulmonology
  • Toxicology
  • Academia
  • Wards 2
  • Pediatric Outpatient CARES clinic
  • Pediatric Neurology

Any of the required rotations can be repeated as an elective depending on the goals of the resident. For example, if a resident is interesting in an oncology focus, there can be a second oncology rotation as an elective. These will be 2-4 weeks in duration.

UCDH PGY2 Pediatric Pharmacy Resident's Role in Teaching:
UC Davis Health offers many opportunities for both clinical and didactic teaching. The resident will be responsible for assisting preceptors with clerkship teaching for University of California, San Francisco pharmacy students and UC Davis Health PGY1 pharmacy residents. The resident will assume the primary preceptor role for UCSF pharmacy students for at least one rotation, will have frequent interactions with students and PGY 1 residents and be encouraged to do more if deemed appropriate by preceptors.  The pediatric resident will be required to prepare an ACPE accredited pharmacy grand rounds presentation, a UC Davis Health inpatient operations competency on an appropriate pediatric topic and a lecture at Touro University on pediatrics.  In addition, other educational opportunities may arise which the resident may participate in based on their availability.  The resident will have the ability to participate in the UC Davis Teaching Certificate program if they are so inclined.

Residency Research Projects:
All UC Davis Health PGY2 residents are required to complete a research project, MUE/QI project and compose a review article during their residency.  In preparation for conducting their research project, the resident will complete UC Davis Health IRB-required training and certification. The resident will prepare a project proposal, which will be reviewed and approved by the Pharmacy Research Oversite Committee (PROC). Before starting the research project, the resident will also submit a proposal to the Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee and obtain IRB approval. Upon completion of the project, the resident will be required to summarize their research project in a manuscript as well as a poster presentation (as noted above). The pediatric resident will present their research at the UC Research Collaborative in late May, early June and Pediatric Pharmacy Advocacy Group Meeting in April/May and/or another appropriate conference (ASHP midyear, ACCP, etc).  The resident will have access to a statistician, Machelle Wilson, to assist with design and interpretation of data.  With regards to the MUE/QI project, this will be completed in coordination with our administrative team.  Finally, the review article will be based on a clinical question where a good summary of evidence is not available in the literature.  This topic will be based on the resident’s interests and will be presented to the pediatric pharmacy team in mid November with a goal of submitting to a journal for publication.

Committee Assignments:
The pediatric resident will participate in various committee activities, as assigned by the Program Director. Assignments will be determined based on current department initiatives. The purpose of the residents' committee involvement is to ensure the resident gains exposure to the pediatric pharmacist's role in activities related to quality-improvement, medication safety, safe handling of hazardous drugs, guideline development and assessment/implementation of technology and automation within the institution and pharmacy department.  An example of a committee in which pediatric pharmacists play a key role at UC Davis Health is Pediatric MERC (Medication Error Reduction Committee), but other opportunities can be identified according to resident interest and department/institutional needs.

Professional Development:
The pediatric resident is encouraged to maintain an active role in pharmacy and pediatric professional organizations. The resident is strongly encouraged to become an active member of the Pediatric Pharmacy Advocacy Group (PPAG) and American College of Clinical Pharmacists (ACCP) and participate in organization activities (eg virtual journal clubs, webinars, and annual meetings). The resident will also participate in the University of California Pharmacy Collaborative Conference when able.  The resident will be allowed 4 days of professional leave time to facilitate participation in professional development activities. Travel expenses have been configured into the resident salary (approximately $2500), and additional stipends for travel will not be awarded.

Pharmacy Department Service:
The pediatric resident is expected to provide ~300 hours of pharmacy department service. This expectation will be met primarily by providing pediatric pharmacist coverage one weekend every 3 weeks (15 weekends) plus one major holiday (Thanksgiving/day after Thanksgiving, Christmas Eve/Christmas Day, or New Year’s Eve/New Year's Day). A back-up pediatric pharmacist will always be available on site or on-call, to advise and support the resident as needed.  Each Pediatric resident will serve as a practicing pharmacist in the pediatric satellite on every 3rd weekend.  From July through October, the resident will be an additional pharmacist to assist the scheduled pediatric staff pharmacists.  Starting no earlier than November and when deemed appropriate, as determined by feedback from pediatric pharmacy team and the resident, the resident will work with fostered independence as one of the scheduled pharmacists. The pediatric resident will be working in both an operational and clinical capacity during these weekend shifts and is responsible for order verification as well as TPN, kinetics, drug information, anticoagulation and any other clinical/dispensing duties that may arise during the course of a shift.

In addition, the resident will be responsible for staffing support on the evening shift for pediatric service lines, up to 15 shifts per year.

Required Competencies:
Residents function as licensed pharmacists in patient care activities.  As such, minimum knowledge in a variety of areas must be assured.  Within one month of starting the Residency, the resident must complete competencies required of all clinical pharmacists. Basic Life Support (BLS) certification as well as Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) are required.

Resident Portfolio:
Pediatric residents will be required to maintain a file on the institutional shared drive (“S drive”) under AC/Pharmacy/Resident throughout the residency year. This file will serve as the comprehensive resident portfolio, documenting completion of all residency and rotation requirements. This includes, but is not limited to, the following all presentations given during residency (lectures, In services, Journal Clubs, Competencies) and associated Evaluations; Duty Hours, Vacation Hours Worksheet; Disease State List with dates and preceptors; A copy of pharmacy school diploma and PGY 1 Residency Certificate. Many of these items will also be stored in PharmAcademic. 

Fringe Benefits: 
Health, dental and vision insurance for resident and dependents, paid time off (PTO), extended sick leave, and professional development days. Use of leave must be arranged in advance with the RPD. Travel funds (~$2500) are included in the base salary. There is a stipend for scrubs.

Resident Personnel Policies:
The following policies can be located in the Pharmacy Resident Personnel Manual located at

  • Resident Qualifications
  • Early Commitment Policy
  • Pre-employment drug testing
  • Health insurance and Benefits
  • Licensure requirement for 2/3 of the residency year
  • Moonlighting
  • Duty hours
  • Tracking of duty hours
  • Professional, family, and extended leave policies
  • Dismissal policy and consequences of failure to progress

Requirements for successful completion of the residency:

  1. Copy of certificate of completion of PGY1 residency (if PGY1 was performed at another program)
  2. Pharmacy Licensure in California per pharmacy department residency policy
  3. Successful completion of all required rotations and completion of additional elective rotations totaling 12 months plus full participation and leadership in weekend clinical-satellite service responsibilities and other longitudinal activities
  4. Participation in the PGY-2 Pediatric Pharmacy Residency evaluation process (self-evaluation, rotation evaluation, preceptor evaluation and preceptor's resident evaluation)
  5. Satisfactory completion of assigned teaching requirements (journal clubs, end of rotation presentations, student/PGY 1 case facilitation, Grand Rounds, Departmental Competency, Touro College of Pharmacy lecture)
  6. Completion of research project and manuscript suitable for publication; MUE/QI project and review article with manuscript suitable for publication; one manuscript submitted for publication
  7. BLS and PALS certification if not current
  8. Presentation of research project findings with associated poster at UC Research Collaborative
  9. Copy of portfolio reflective of activities (e.g., presentations and associated evaluations)
  10. Achieve 80% of all assigned objectives, 100% of all clinical G/O (area R1)