Professional Relationships and Teamwork
Nurses at UC Davis Medical Center believe everything in health care will work better when relationships are healthy since relationships permeate every aspect of healthcare. All of the technical aspects of health care occur in the context of human relationships, which means all of the technical tasks underlying the provision of care work better when we tend to relationships. Healthy relationships are formed when nurses consistently attune to one another, wonder with and about one another, follow the cues provided by one another, and hold one another with respect and dignity. We advance our relationship-based culture through the application of these relational and therapeutic practices to all relationships at all levels and in all disciplines.
Relational and Therapeutic Practices
- Attuning – The practice of being present in the moment and tuning in to an individual or situation.
- Wondering – The practice of being genuinely interested in a person. It requires an open-hearted curiosity about what can be learned about this unique individual, while intentionally suspending assumptions and judgement.
- Following – The practice of listening to and focusing on what an individual is teaching us about what matters most to her or him and allowing that information to guide our interactions. It requires consciously suspending our own agenda.
- Holding – The practice of intentionally creating a safe haven to protect the safety and dignity of an individual.
The Relationship-Based Care model (Koloroutis, 2004) is the philosophy, way of being, and operational blueprint which shapes our caring behaviors. The model’s six principles guide the transformation of infrastructure, processes, systems, and practices to support care givers in all disciplines in creating therapeutic relationships with patients and families.
Relationship-Based Care identifies three key relationships for the provision of humane and compassionate healthcare. These relationships are the nurse’s relationship with self, relationships with team members, and relationships with patients and families. We use this order, not to signal priority, but to acknowledge the importance of certain relationships dependency on others. Healthy, trusting relationships are dependent on how the individuals relate to themselves. Then, it follows that healthy relationships with patients and families are dependent on the relationships individuals have both with themselves and with their teams.
Principles of Relationship-Based Care
Healing Culture – Our healing culture holds all people with respect and dignity. All are supported in reaching their full potential and are valued for their contribution to the health and healing of patients. Therapeutic relationships and a calming physical environment are core components of our healing culture.
Loving Leadership – Our leadership is one of service. Our servant leaders share power, puts the needs of others first, and helps people develop and perform as competently as possible. A Loving leadership is key ingredient for leaders aspiring to advance a more positive healing culture. Inspired leaders who love what they do and the people with whom they do it, inspire others to greatness. Loving leadership is marked by deep affection and caring for those with whom we work and lead. Love in leadership means truly caring about each person, celebrating successes, as well as having empathy in times of struggle. It includes releasing judgment and forgiving past difficulties. It means being fully present in our interactions.
Teamwork – We embrace a shared purpose and work together with trust and mutual respect across all disciplines and departments. Nurses collaborate with all disciplines of the health care team to achieve best patient outcomes. This requires consistent and coordinated care of a patient through a unified plan of care, and information sharing amongst health care team members.
Interprofessional Practice – Our clinical professionals are respected and valued for their unique expertise and full scope of practice. Clinical practice is grounded in research, professional standards, and ethics. “Clinical competence” is the combination of both technical and relational competences. We accept that different perspectives of people in multiple disciplines are essential to effective collaboration and optimal patient care and outcomes. We allow for all practitioners to bring their best wisdom to the interdisciplinary group. We follow formula of Responsibility + Authority + Accountability to facilitate greater personal ownership and alignment with and among teams.
Care Delivery – We facilitate the ability of each caregiver to know the patient as a person and to provide care based on what is most important to the patient and family. We hold 3 rules:
- We hold the patient and family at the center of our care
- Make the best way the easiest way
- Support all relationships
We believe that designing the delivery system using these simple rules actively promotes the conditions for care that is safe, effective, patient-centered, timely, efficient and equitable.
System design – We are continuously improving our structures, processes and relationships to bring quality, safety, effectiveness and efficiency to patient care and the work environment. We are improving our systems to allow clinicians to focus on what is most important, safe and efficient. We approach any change with rigorous methodology and humble and curious attitude. Our Just Culture framework and the four relational practices of attunement, wondering, following and holding are in place to support a system that is both relationally and technically proficient.
Evidence – We have outcomes that show evidence of success, such as Magnet, Beacon, Prism awards that are sources of inspiration. Our achievements of actualizing our vision and mission are evident in our nursing practice. We express clear expectations, are recognized and recognize others for the value each brings to the work of the organization, and celebrate successes that continually build commitment and unity.
Healthy Work Environment
Nurses at UC Davis Medical Center believe that a healthy work environment is an essential element in creating the context for engagement in the professional practice of nursing. A healthy work environment is actualized through alignment with the six standards for establishing and sustaining healthy work environments identified by American Association of Critical Care Nurses:
- We model and educate techniques for skilled communication.
- We work to collaborate with each other and other disciplines by identifying and engaging stakeholders and seeking feedback for our nursing practice.
- We are effective decision makers as evidenced by our policies, councils, and committee involvement.
- We continuously evaluate the appropriateness of our staffing practices through patient outcomes, patient experience, and nurse engagement.
- We recognize our contribution to the organization through established programs to promote nursing practice.
- We, as nurses, embrace our practice with the responsibilities and privileges it brings.
Nurse engagement is measured by Press Ganey through the employee engagement survey. UC Davis nurses show high engagement and autonomy scores and feel strongly that they have opportunities to influence nursing practice and have the freedom to act in the best interest of their patients. We value the ability to effectively communicate and collaborate with interprofessional teams. Nurses feel valued and believe there are opportunities to learn and further develop professionally throughout their careers. We are engaged in action planning to improve our work environment.
Recognition of the nursing profession is both formal and informal. Nurses are recognized many ways for their clinical expertise, leadership, compassion and caring. Formal recognition may include: serving as a preceptor, committee member, support to present work at a national/international conference or internal presentation, and receiving the prestigious DAISY award. Informal recognition occurs daily and comes from knowing one has done a good job, from patients and their families, and from peers and leaders.
Coaching and Mentoring
Experienced nurses mentor and support new graduate nurses as they progress through the Vizient/American Association of Colleges and Nursing (AACN) Nurse Residency Program. The coaching provided by preceptors, clinical facilitators, and mentors facilitates new nurses as they acquire the knowledge, skills, and confidence to provide safe quality care.
In addition, as professional nurses we acknowledge our collective role in sharing our knowledge and expertise with our peers through both informal and formal mentoring opportunities. As we move through our careers we maintain that commitment to providing positive role models for others and obtain new mentors for ourselves as needed. The Rising Nurse Leader (RNL) program supports and guides our next generation of nurse leaders. Each participant is paired with a nurse mentor who exemplifies nursing leadership and can provide knowledge, support and guidance to the RNLs in navigating the complex and demanding roles in clinical and managerial leadership. This mentorship relationship inspires and gives confidence to the mentee while providing the mentor with a valued colleague.
As community leaders, nurses are committed to improving the health of our local and international communities. RNs improve the health of the community through events such as blood pressure screening, health and safety fairs, and immunization clinics.