Cassandra A. Lee, M.D.
Orthopaedic Surgery - Sports Medicine
- Chief of Sports Medicine
- Director, Residency Program
- Associate Professor
Philosophy of Care
I believe in working together as partners with my patients. My job is to educate my patients about their sports injuries and to help guide them through their rehabilitation process, whether it be for operative or non-operative management.
Dr. Lee's clinical interests relate to the diagnosis and management of patients who have sustained sports-related orthopaedic injuries, with emphasis on the knee and shoulder problems.
Her surgical specialties include ligament reconstruction, cartilage preservation (such as osteochondral allograft and autologous chondrocyte implantation), meniscal transplantation and multiligamentous knee reconstruction.
Dr. Lee also specialize in arthroscopic shoulder procedures such as instability and rotator cuff repairs, as well as open-shoulder reconstruction procedures.
Dr. Lee currently serves as an official team physician for the Sacramento Republic FC professional men's soccer team.
Dr. Lee's research interests include the study of cartilage regeneration and ligament biology, and how they translate to clinical outcomes.
Orthopaedic Surgery - Sports Medicine
M.D., Boston University School of Medicine, Boston MA 2001
B.A., Boston University, Boston MA 1996
Internship: General Surgery, North Carolina Baptist Hospital, Winston Salem NC 2003-2004
Orthopaedic Surgery, North Carolina Baptist Hospital, Winston Salem NC 2004-2008
Sports Medicine, Washington University, St. Louis MO 2008-2009
American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery,
American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery-Sports Medicine,
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
American Orthopaedic Society of Sports Medicine
Arthroscopy Association of North America
International Cartilage Repair Society
Western Orthopaedic Association
Honors and Awards
AOSSM SLARD Travelling Fellowship (cancelled due to COVID-19), 2020
International Cartilage Repair Society Lars Petersen Traveling Fellowship, 2017
International Cartilage Repair Society Scholarship, Izmir, 2013
International Cartilage Repair Society - Zimmer Scholarship Program, 2013
Zimmer-AOA Resident Leadership Forum, 2006
OREF Clinician Scientist Development Program, 2006
Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction Society Resident Best paper Award, 2006
Arthroscopy Association of North America 24th Annual Meeting Resident Basic Science Research Award, 2005
Select Recent Publications
Kwon H, Brown WE, Lee CA, Wang D, Paschos N, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Surgical and tissue engineering strategies for articular cartilage and meniscus repair. Nat Rev Rheumatol. 2019;15(9):550-70.
Hodges, CT, Shelton, TJ, Bateni, CP, Henrichon, SS, Skaggs, AW, Boutin, RD, Lee, CA, Haus, BM, Marder, RA. The medial epicondyle of the distal femur is the optimal location for MRI measurement of semitendinosus and gracilis tendon cross-sectional area. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA. 2019;27(11):3498-3504.
Lee-Barthel A, Lee CA, Vidal MA, Baar K. Localized BMP-4 release improves the enthesis of engineered bone-to-bone ligaments. Transl Sports Med. 2018;1:60-72.
Hecht G, Hopkins JN, Lum ZC, Ali SF, Lee CA. Bilateral lipoma arborescens -A proliferative case demonstrating progression in an adolescent male. J Orthop. 2018;15(2):736-40.
Shieh AK, Singh SG, Nathe C, Lian E, Haudenschild DR, Nolta JA, Lee CA, Giza E, Kreulen CD. Effects of Micronized Cartilage Matrix on Cartilage Repair in Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus. Cartilage. 2018;11(3):316-322.
Lee CA. Chapter 146: Chondral Injuries and Biologics. MW Chapman and MA James, (ed). Chapman’s Comprehensive Orthopaedic Surgery. 2018.
Hopkins JN, Brown W, Lee CA. Sports Hernia: Definition, Evaluation, and Treatment. JBJS Rev. 2017;5(9):e6.
Lee CA. Editorial Commentary: PRP: Platelet-Rich Plasma or Promising but Rarely Proven? Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery: Official Publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association. 2016;32(7):1245-6.
West DW, Lee-Barthel A, McIntyre T, Shamim B, Lee CA, Baar K. The exercise-induced biochemical milieu enhances collagen content and tensile strength of engineered ligaments. The Journal of Physiology. 2015;593(20):4665-75.
Arzi B, DuRaine GD, Lee CA, Huey DJ, Borjesson DL, Murphy BG, Hu JC, Baumgarth N, Athanasiou KA. Cartilage immunoprivilege depends on donor source and lesion location. Acta Biomaterialia. 2015;23:72-81.