The Section of Endocrine Surgery is dedicated to the producing groundbreaking research to help patients with endocrine disorders. We are currently working on projects to determine the benefits of adrenal venous sampling for patients with aldosterone producing tumors, to identify new radiologic features for the classification and risk stratification of adrenal nodules, to evaluate the role of new PET technology for localizing parathyroid adenomas in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, and to better understand factors relating to stress and anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic in patients with thyroid cancer.

If you are an undergraduate student, medical student, or resident interested in becoming a member of our research team, please email Angela Pennington at

Recent Publications

Corwin MT, Arora A, Loehfelm TW, Fananapazir G, Campbell MJ. Adherence to guidelines for hormonal evaluation in patients with incidentally detected adrenal nodules: effects of radiology report wording and standardized reporting. Abdom Radiol (NY). 2020 Sep;45(9):2910-2915. doi: 10.1007/s00261-020-02517-3. PMID: 32270262.

Graves CE, Suh I. The current status of remote access thyroidectomy in the United States. Surgery. 2020 Jul 7:S0039-6060(20)30306-8. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2020.05.021. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32651055.

Yanagisawa M, Malik DG, Loehfelm TW, Fananapazir G, Corwin MT, Campbell MJ. Adrenal Tumors Found During Staging and Surveillance for Colorectal Cancer: Benign Incidentalomas or Metastatic Disease? World J Surg. 2020 Jul;44(7):2282-2287. doi: 10.1007/s00268-020-05479-1. PMID: 32206857.

Graves CE, Gosnell JE. Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma in Children. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2020 Jun;29(3):150921. doi: 10.1016/j.sempedsurg.2020.150921. Epub 2020 May 16. PMID: 32571506.

Metere A, Graves CE, Chirico M, Caramujo MJ, Pisanu ME, Iorio E. Metabolomic Reprogramming Detected by 1H-NMR Spectroscopy in Human Thyroid Cancer Tissues. Biology (Basel). 2020 May 27;9(6):112. doi: 10.3390/biology9060112. PMID: 32471147; PMCID: PMC7345942.

Yang W, Fananapazir G, LaRoy J, Wilson M, Campbell MJ. Can the American Thyroid Association, K-TIRADS and ACR-TIRADS ultrasound classification systems be used to predict malignancy in Bethesda category IV nodules? Endocr Pract. 2020 May 14. doi: 10.4158/EP-2020-0024. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32407661.

Graves CE, McManus CM, Chabot JA, Lee JA, Kuo JH. Biochemical Profile Affects IOPTH Kinetics and Cure Rate in Primary Hyperparathyroidism. World J Surg. 2020 Feb;44(2):488-495. doi: 10.1007/s00268-019-05157-x. PMID: 31511943.

Graves CE, Moyer J, Zobel MJ, Mora R, Smith D, O'Day M, Padilla BE. Intraoperative intercostal nerve cryoablation During the Nuss procedure reduces length of stay and opioid requirement: A randomized clinical trial. J Pediatr Surg. 2019 Nov;54(11):2250-2256. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2019.02.057. Epub 2019 Mar 17. PMID: 30935731; PMCID: PMC6920013.

Corwin MT, Navarro SM, Malik DG, Loehfelm TW, Fananapazir G, Wilson M, Campbell MJ. Differences in Growth Rate on CT of Adrenal Adenomas and Malignant Adrenal Nodules. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2019 Sep;213(3):632-636. doi: 10.2214/AJR.19.21342. Epub 2019 Apr 30. PMID: 31039016.

Graves CE, McManus CM, Chabot JA, Lee JA, Kuo JH. Vitamin D Does Not Affect Intraoperative Parathyroid Hormone Kinetics: A Mixed Linear Model Analysis. J Surg Res. 2019 Sep;241:199-204. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2019.03.026. Epub 2019 Apr 24. PMID: 31028941.

Kuo JH, McManus C, Graves CE, Madani A, Khokhar MT, Huang B, Lee JA. Updates in the management of thyroid nodules. Curr Probl Surg. 2019 Mar;56(3):103-127. doi: 10.1067/j.cpsurg.2018.12.003. Epub 2018 Dec 23. PMID: 30798796.

Eisa N, Khan A, Akhter M, Fensterwald M, Saleem S, Fananapazir G, Campbell MJ. Both Ultrasound Features and Nuclear Atypia are Associated with Malignancy in Thyroid Nodules with Atypia of Undetermined Significance. Ann Surg Oncol. 2018 Dec;25(13):3913-3918. doi: 10.1245/s10434-018-6826-6. Epub 2018 Oct 9. PMID: 30302643.

Anderson JE, Seib CD, Campbell MJ. Association of Patient Frailty With Increased Risk of Complications After Adrenalectomy. JAMA Surg. 2018 Oct 1;153(10):966-967. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1749. PMID: 29971357; PMCID: PMC6233782.

Becker J, Woloszyn J, Bold R, Campbell MJ. The Adrenal Incidentaloma: An Opportunity to Improve Patient Care. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 Mar;33(3):256-257. doi: 10.1007/s11606-017-4240-6. PMID: 29256090; PMCID: PMC5834966.

Metere A, Frezzotti F, Graves CE, Vergine M, De Luca A, Pietraforte D, Giacomelli L. A possible role for selenoprotein glutathione peroxidase (GPx1) and thioredoxin reductases (TrxR1) in thyroid cancer: our experience in thyroid surgery. Cancer Cell Int. 2018 Jan 15;18:7. doi: 10.1186/s12935-018-0504-4. PMID: 29371830; PMCID: PMC5769232.

Campbell MJ, Obasi M, Wu B, Corwin MT, Fananapazir G. The radiographically diagnosed adrenal myelolipoma: what do we really know? Endocrine. 2017 Nov;58(2):289-294. doi: 10.1007/s12020-017-1410-6. Epub 2017 Sep 2. PMID: 28866749.

Graves CE, Co C, Hsi RS, Kwiat D, Imamura-Ching J, Harrison MR, Stoller ML. Magnetic Compression Anastomosis (Magnamosis): First-In-Human Trial. J Am Coll Surg. 2017 Nov;225(5):676-681.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2017.07.1062. Epub 2017 Aug 23. PMID: 28843832.

Graves C, Ely S, Idowu O, Newton C, Kim S. Direct Gallbladder Indocyanine Green Injection Fluorescence Cholangiography During Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2017 Oct;27(10):1069-1073. doi: 10.1089/lap.2017.0070. Epub 2017 Jun 2. PMID: 28574801.

Singh R, Avila J, Jo K, Nguyen KTK, Carrillo NR, Huang EC, Campbell MJ. Patients with Non-invasive Follicular Thyroid Neoplasm with Papillary-Like Nuclear Features are Unlikely to have Malignant Preoperative Cytology. Ann Surg Oncol. 2017 Oct;24(11):3300-3305. doi: 10.1245/s10434-017-6038-5. Epub 2017 Aug 11. PMID: 28801882.

Graves CE, Hirose S, Raff GW, Iqbal CW, Imamura-Ching J, Christensen D, Fechter R, Kwiat D, Harrison MR. Magnetic Mini-Mover Procedure for pectus excavatum IV: FDA sponsored multicenter trial. J Pediatr Surg. 2017 Jun;52(6):913-919. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.03.009. Epub 2017 Mar 15. PMID: 28342579.

Campbell MJ. The Definitive Management of Primary Hyperparathyroidism: Who Needs an Operation? JAMA. 2017 Mar 21;317(11):1167-1168. doi: 10.1001/jama.2017.1620. PMID: 28324077.