Gynecological Screenings | OB-GYN


Gynecological Screenings

Our obstetrician-gynecologists provide you with expert women’s health care and access to all of UC Davis Health.

Medically reviewed by Rebecca Brooks, M.D. and Gary Leiserowitz, M.D. on Sep. 01, 2023.

Female patient and female physician wearing masks in an exam room

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Choosing a UC Davis Health obstetrician-gynecologist (OB-GYN) means you have access to our entire top-rated medical center. We can make referrals quickly to specialists for family planning, infertility, cancer treatment and surgical procedures.

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What Are Gynecological Screenings?

Gynecological screenings are an important part of women’s health care. These tests may take place during your annual women’s wellness exam. They check for problems and signs of cancer in your reproductive organs and breasts.

Your annual women’s wellness appointment is also an opportunity to talk about health concerns such as:

Our OB-GYNs know how important it is to feel comfortable with your physician. We offer compassionate, expert care for all types of gynecological conditions.


Symptoms of Gynecological Problems

Some gynecological problems have no symptoms, so attending your yearly women’s wellness appointments is important even if you feel healthy.

Gynecological Symptoms

Make an appointment with your OB-GYN if you experience:

  • Abnormal or painful periods
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Breast problems
  • Bumps, skin changes, masses, sores or ulcers in or around your vagina
  • Incontinence or other urinary issues
  • Pain during sex
  • Vaginal odor or discolored discharge

Emergency Symptoms

Cal 911 or get medical care right away if you experience:

  • Heavy vaginal bleeding
  • Severe abdominal pain

Gynecological Exams and Tests

To begin your appointment, your OB-GYN will ask about your health history and any problems or symptoms that concern you. Then, you will have a physical examination and may also have tests for gynecologic cancers, sexually transmitted infections or other health problems.

Your exam may include:

  • A visual check of your vulva, vaginal opening and cervix. Your OB-GYN will look for abnormal discharge, cysts, irritation and other problems.
  • A manual check for problems with your bladder, fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus.
  • A manual check of the muscles and tissues between your vaginal canal and your rectum.
  • A manual and visual check of your breasts. Your OB-GYN will visually examine your breasts and feel for lumps or other abnormalities.

You may have tests such as:

  • Blood tests to check for general health problems.
  • HPV (human papilloma virus) test. HPV is a virus that can cause cervical cancer.
  • Pap test (Pap smear) to check for abnormal cells on your cervix that could indicate cervical cancer.
  • STI tests for sexually transmitted infections.

Cervical cancer is the

4thMost common cancer in women worldwide

Source: World Health Organization: Cervical cancer

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